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V 1,7 Casa del Torello, Room 19 (private baths)
Thomas Staub Page updated: 2017-02-18
DESCRIPTION
The baths are situated in the north-western corner of the house and consist of two quite small, square rooms (room 19, approx. 7 m² and room 20, approx. 10 m²) (For the baths, see also Fabbricotti 1976, 53f and Papi 1999, 726). They are reached via corridor h², leading from room h towards the north. The more northern of the two, room 19, probably served as an apodyterium and tepidarium, a combination of functions that seems to have been quite common in smaller private baths (For this combination of the function of rooms in private baths, see de Haan 2010, 78). In this room the floor was heated through the hypocaust system. The air was heated in the praefurnium in the kitchen and reached the hollow space under this room after having passed through the hypocaust in caldarium 20. The walls in room 19 were not equipped with any heating arrangements. This room was probably not attached to the water system of the house, mainly due to its function as apodyterium. An opening in the floor level on the E wall might have functioned as a drain, maybe for the condensed water created by the heated floor. Possibly this drain then turned southwards and continued under the floor of corridor h² to the caldarium (20), collecting up the waste water from this room as well, and then continued towards the west through kitchen l, as described above. Next to the doorway between the apodyterium (19) and corridor h², a small hole (0.3 m x 0.35 m) opened into the corridor, with a small vertical chimney opening upwards, probably serving as a flue or for the positioning of an oil lamp.
Some remains of wall paintings, observed by Mau and partly still preserved in rooms 19 and 20 have been attributed to the Third Style: a more precise dating has not been made, and due to their scant state of preservation is no longer possible. Since no remains of earlier decorations are preserved, a date of the construction of the baths to the period of the Third Style seems appropriate. There are some remains of an earlier plaster visible only in room 19, underneath the later plaster of the Third Style in the western part of the north wall, until around 1.86 m from the NW corner. There this coat of plaster forms a quoin, seemingly following the NE corner of an earlier room. Thus, the layout of this space must have differed from the actual one and this layer of plaster in all probability belongs to an earlier phase of which no further remains exist. Thus a dating to the later Augustan or Tiberian eras should be suggested.


Maximera MEASUREMENTS
Dimensions: 3.10 - 3.15 m x 2.20 - 2.25 m = 6.98 m²

Maximera EXCAVATIONS
This part of the house was part of the absolute first excavations carried out in Pompeii during April 1748 (Fiorelli 1875, p.419 and plans by La Vega 1810 and Giosué Russo 1817), soon thereafter reburied and re-excavated probably sometimes between 1876 and 1878, not documented.
Photo/drawing:
Henrik Boman/i>
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DOCUMENTATION & ANALYSIS
V 1,1.32 Taberna
V 1,2 Taberna
V 1,3 House
V 1,4 Tinctoria
V 1,5 Tinctoria
V 1,6 Taberna
V 1,7 Casa del Torello
Facade
Facade east side
Room 01 (vestibulum)
Room 02
Room 03 (fauces)
Room 04 (atrium)
Room 05
Room 06
Room 07
Room 08
Room 09 (ala)
Room 10
Room 11
Room 12
Room 13 (tablinum)
Room 14 (ala)
Room 15
Room 16
Room 17
Room 18 (triclinium)
Room 19 (private baths)
Structures
N wall
E wall
S wall
W wall
Floor
Features
Threshold
Decorations
Wall decoration (extant)
Room 20 (private baths)
Room a
Room b (cantina)
Room b (peristyle)
Room c
Room d
Room e
Room f
Room g
Room h
Room h1
Room h2
Room i
Room k
Room l (culina)
V 1,8 Taberna
V 1,13 Caupona
V 1,14-16 Bakery
V 1,17 Taberna
V 1,18 Casa degli Epigrammi
    greci

V 1,19 Taberna
V 1,20-21 Taberna
V 1,22 Taberna
V 1,23 Casa di Caecilius
    Iucundus - North House

V 1,24 Taberna
V 1,25 Taberna
V 1,26 Casa di Caecilius
    Iucundus - South House

V 1,27 Taberna
V 1,28 Casa di Tofelanus
    Valens

V 1,29 Taberna
V 1,30 Taberna
V 1,31 Taberna
Facade - Via del Vesuvio
Facade - Via di Nola
Facade - Vicolo delle
    Nozze d’Argento

Facade - Vicolo di Caecilius
    Iucundus

Street - Vicolo delle
    Nozze d’Argento

Street - Vicolo di Caecilius
    Iucundus

3D MODELS & MEASURING TOOL
INSCRIPTIONS
EXCAVATIONS
OVERALL ASSESSMENTS